Skip to Content
Streetsblog Chicago home
Log In
Beyond Chicagoland

Study: 15-minute walk/bike access to key resources is not enough to guarantee prosperity

6:38 PM CDT on September 9, 2021

La Villita Arch in Chicago’s Little Village neighborhood, one of five “patches” in Chicago with high access to essential resources. Photo: Eric Allix Rogers

Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo has set a goal of making Paris a 15-minute city. That is, providing Parisians with grocery stores, parks, cafes, sports facilities, health centers, and workplaces easily accessible within a 15-minute walk or bike ride. Earlier this year Streetsblog Chicago co-editor Courtney Cobbs looked at what it would take to turn Chicago into a 15-minute city. (At an average walking speed of 3 mph and a biking speed of 10 mph, that would be 0.75 miles or 6 full Chicago blocks, and 2.5 miles or 20 blocks, respectively.)

Back in August 2020, Metropolitan Planning Council transportation associate Jeremy Glover looked at that subject in a blog post entitled “The 15-Minute City: How close is Chicago?” Recently Doug Bright, a Chicago native who currently works for the city of Durham North Carolina on equitable strategies for reducing serious and fatal crashes, took a deeper dive into that subject in a master’s project, “Whose 15-Minute Windy City?: Evaluating Access to Walkable Places in Chicago,”

Glover used used GIS (geographic information system) software to create maps showing which areas of Chicago have easy access to essential services. He found that while most parts of town are within a 15-minute bike ride, areas where key services can be reached within a 15-minute walk are mostly clustered on the North and West sides.

Image: Jeremy Glover
Image: Jeremy Glover

Bright's goal was to compare demographics in areas with different levels of access to resources, and also take a closer look at areas with high access in a few different parts of Chicago.

Glover's analysis looked at access to eight different types of destinations: grocery stores, parks, libraries, elementary schools, high schools, hospitals or urgent care centers, pharmacies, and ‘L’ stations. He assigned an access zone to each point in the city, ranging from zero to eight based on how many types of resources a person can reach within 15 minutes in these areas. Bright combined this info with Census data to get a sense of the demographics of residents living at each level of access.


Unsurprisingly Bright found that white residents, who are more likely than other groups to live in dense neighborhoods, such as downtown and in the North Lakefront neighborhoods, are overrepresented in the areas that have high levels of access to essential resources. But counterintuitively, he also determined that "The highest poverty rate (22%, compared to an 18% city average) is also found at the highest level of access."

Bright took a closer look at five "patches" with access to all eight types of destinations: Uptown, Wicker Park, Little Italy/Medical District, Little Village/North Lawndale, and Englewood, whose demographics vary greatly from each other. For example, while Wicker Park is 68 percent white and has only a 2 percent unemployment rate and 10 percent poverty rate, Englewood is 97 percent Black and has a 21 percent joblessness rate and 43 percent poverty rate.

The five "patches" Bright studied.
The five "patches" Bright studied.

Bright's takeaway from his research is that "a baseline proximity to resources—while a requisite of urban accessibility, 15-Minute City model or otherwise—will not in and of itself generate equitable outcomes... Any strategies for planning imported (especially in a top-down manner) from other cities, countries, or continents should be regarded with healthy skepticism, as one-size-fits-all approaches are bound to ignore important nuances and autonomy of a place."

So while the 15-minute city is a great goal for Chicago, that alone will not guarantee equitable outcomes.

Check out Bright's master's project here.

Stay in touch

Sign up for our free newsletter

More from Streetsblog Chicago

During board meeting, CTAction cites service problems, South Siders push for youth employment as part of Red Line Extension

CTA service reliability issues and likely funding for the long-awaited Red Line Extension were major topics of discussion at the latest CTA board meeting.

September 30, 2023

Bicycle-friendly politicians showed up in force for Bike Lane Uprising’s packed 6th anniversary fundraiser

Lawmakers Kelly Cassidy, Andre Vasquez, and Kam Buckner, plus BLU founder Christina Whitehouse, thanked the advocates present for their efforts to make cycling safer.

September 29, 2023

CTA blues: Musician and ex-bus driver Toronzo Cannon, shares his views on the agency’s labor challenges

Like many CTA workers, difficulties in the early days of COVID influenced Cannon's decision to retire. He says the transit unions need to do more to support their members.

September 28, 2023
See all posts