Musk Says He’ll Compete to Build O’Hare Express, Active Trans Says It’s a Low Priority

The project's request for qualifications identifies three possible routes and four potential stations.

Elon Musk. Photo: JD Lasica
Elon Musk. Photo: JD Lasica

Chicago is abuzz over the news that Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s plan to build pricey high-speed rail between downtown and O’Hare airport is moving forward. Yesterday the city released a request for qualifications for a concessionaire to plan, finance, build, and operate the express service. The document identifies three potential routes and four possible downtown terminals.

The plot thickened last night when tech magnate Elon Musk, who had previously expressed interest in digging a tunnel for the route and transporting air travelers via “electric sled” technology, officially threw his hat in the ring via Twitter. Meanwhile, the Active Transportation Alliance is warning that Emanuel’s pet project for elites could divert resources from much more pressing local transportation needs.

While the CTA Blue Line is already a popular way to get to the airport, the RFQ sets a goal of reducing the travel time from the Loop to the airport from the current 40 to 45 minutes, to 20 minutes or less. Chicago aviation chief Ginger Evans has previously projected that an express ticket would cost between $25 and $35, compared to the current ‘L’ fare of $2.25 to O’Hare and $5 from it, so the new service would largely serve affluent travelers and people on expense accounts.

The first of the possible express routes identified in the RFQ would use the existing Canadian National-CSX railroad corridor. It would travel southeast from the east side of O’Hare, south to suburban Forest Park, head east into Chicago, and turn north at Rockwell Street to join the Blue Line right of way in the center of the Eisenhower Expressway. In this scenario, the downtown terminal would be at Congress and Clinton.

The CN-CSX corridor. Image: City of Chicago / Chicago Infrastructure Trust
The CN-CSX corridor. Image: City of Chicago / Chicago Infrastructure Trust

The second potential route would use Metra’s North Central Service alignment, which currently provides an alternative to the Blue Line via the NCS’s O’Hare Transfer station. However, as the RFQ notes, this isn’t currently a popular option for getting to the airport due to limited train frequency and the convoluted method of getting to the terminals – you have to take a shuttle bus from the Metra station to O’Hare’s Airport Transit System people mover.

In this second scenario, the O’Hare Express would use the last mile or so of the Blue Line route to reach the center of the airport. The downtown terminal could be Union Station, or possibly a new facility could be built on the current site of a Metra employee parking lot, southof Kinzie Canal and Clinton.

The North Central Service alignment. Image: City of Chicago / Chicago Infrastructure Trust
The North Central Service alignment. Image: City of Chicago / Chicago Infrastructure Trust

The third possible express route would share the Blue Line corridor coming out of the airport, and then squeeze into the median of the Kennedy Expressway alongside the ‘L’ line until the CTA train enters a subway again, a little north of the Belmont Blue stop. Rather than cramming the express service into the ‘L’ tunnel and onto the elevated tracks in Logan Square and Wicker Park/Bucktown, the concessionaire would be required to build a bypass to continue along the expressway corridor. The express would rejoin the Blue Line corridor near Augusta and Milwaukee and continue downtown to terminate at the Loop’s Block 37. The other two potential alignments have many at-grade street crossings while the Blue Line / Kennedy / UP-NW route has none, and it’s shorter than the other two, so it may offer the best opportunity for significantly reducing travel times.

The Blue Line / Kennedy Expressway / UP- NW Corridor
The Blue Line / Kennedy Expressway / UP- NW corridor. Image: City of Chicago / Chicago Infrastructure Trust

Emanuel held yesterday’s press conference for the RFQ release inside the partially completed, roughly $250 million “superstation” Mayor Richard M. Daley built under Block 37 as part of his own futile attempt to create an airport express train. That was an interesting choice of optics on Emanuel’s part, since the empty structure is often viewed as a symbol of civil hubris. While aviation commissioner Evans previously said the superstation wasn’t in the running as an express route terminal due to conflicts with CTA lines, the mayor is now saying the site is currently being considered.

The Block 37 terminal would be the most convenient location for accessing downtown hotels. Image: City of Chicago / Chicago Infrastructure Trust and Streetsblog Chicago
The Block 37 terminal would be the most convenient location for accessing downtown hotels. Click to enlarge.

As you can see from this map of downtown hotel locations, to which we’ve added the four potential terminal sites, Block 37 would be by far the most convenient express station location for travelers. The RFQ notes that it would be practical to create a pedway connection from Congress/Clinton to the Blue Line’s Clinton station, and Amtrak and the city are currently planning to upgrade the pedestrian connection from Union Station to that ‘L’ stop. However, it’s less likely that affluent travelers would be interested in taking a 0.3-minute walk with luggage via streets from a Kinzie/Clinton express station to the nearest ‘L’ stop, the Clinton Green/Pink station.

Any additional travel needed from an express station to one’s destination by CTA, taxi, or ride-share would reduce the timesaving advantage of the high-speed route over the Blue Line, which runs along Dearborn in the Loop, with stations a short walk from several hotels. (The O’Hare Express would run less frequently than the CTA train, every 15 minutes for most of the day, according to the RFQ, which would mean longer waits for its customers.) So the Block 37 superstation is definitely the frontrunner when it comes to making the express service attractive to well-heeled riders.

However, as Crains’ Greg Hinz recently noted, using the Blue Line subway between Block 37 and Wicker Park for the express probably wouldn’t be practical. “The existing Blue Line tracks are crowded, filled and curved,” he noted. “It can take 20 minutes just to get out of the Blue Line subway, much less all the way to O’Hare.” Therefore, it would likely be necessary to dig miles of new tunnel, an extremely expensive and arduous endeavor.

Or not, if Elon Musk is to be believed. The entrepreneur claims his excavation business, the Boring Company, has proprietary technology that will speed up the digging process 14-fold over conventional methods and cut costs by up to 90 percent, although he’s provided little evidence to back up this boast. In June then-Chicago deputy mayor Steve Koch traveled to Los Angeles to discuss the possibility of a new O’Hare tunnel with Musk. The tech guru said he could run small passenger vehicles through the tunnel using so-called “electric sled” technology. Yesterday Musk announced that the Boring Company will compete for the O’Hare Express project.

In subsequent tweets, Musk clarified that he would use a “high-speed Loop” to transport travelers to the airport, as opposed to his much-ballyhooed (but also largely hypothetical) Hyperloop scheme to use vacuum-sealed tunnels to propel vehicles at more than 600 mph along intercity routes. “A Loop is like a Hyperloop, but without drawing a vacuum inside the tube. Don’t need to get rid of air friction for short routes,” he tweeted yesterday, adding that his proposal for the O’Hare Express would use “Electric pods for sure. Rails maybe, maybe not.”

Amusingly, Musk blocked Streetsblog Chicago on Twitter after we ran a cartoon rendering of his electric sled proposal by local artist Jonathan Roth, featuring muskrats as pod passengers. But whether or not Musk is on the inside track when it comes to tunnel technology, there’s also the question of whether the O’Hare Express is a project worthy of all the high-profile brainstorming that’s currently taking place.

In a blog post published today, Active Trans director of governmental relations Kyle Whitehead argued that, while privately funded high-speed service to O’Hare would be an upgrade to the Chicago area’s transportation network, it shouldn’t be our region’s top transit priority. “The RFQ says there would be no taxpayer funding for the project and the service would be paid for with project-specific revenues,” he wrote. “Still, it’s clear time and attention are being commanded by this project, and these resources could be directed to more efficient and equitable transit solutions.”

Whitehead argued that, rather than focusing our efforts on ways to help business people and affluent folks get to and from the airport more quickly and luxuriously, local leaders should concentrate on improving transit options for ordinary people. “City and county leaders should focus on connecting the spokes in our hub-and-spoke transit system to better serve neighborhoods outside the Loop,” he wrote. “Extending existing rail lines and giving buses priority on our streets with dedicated lanes would be more efficient investments that carry greater benefits for residents.”

  • Musk is the unknown element here. If he can pull off a 14 times cheaper tunnel booring (sic) that connects lot 37 with the Kennedy xway at Belmont that could be a workable line. Im-very-ho. And very much by the seat of my weak imagination. But not with the ferret sled sorry Elon. Yet maybe tunneling costs increase by the square of the radius. And that’s why the need for sled driven ferrets. To keep it in budget.

    But sure a whole new urban transport technology driven by cheap skinny tubes, maybe. Two side by side rows of reclining seats each beneath gull wing doors that pop open at arrival at your station after speeds of 100 mph between stations. Forget all door boarding when you have all seat boarding

    Musk has strong visionary skills. He has enough cred to attract money. His weaknesses are execution and hubris. His hubris at this point is undermining and misdirecting him. He is not an urbanist. He may be a sub-urbanist because he misses the realities of urban geometry.

    What that means is that his imagination runs way faster than his hands can build. And since it’s only his one imagination little important things get overlooked. So yes he attracts the money fast. But by the time the thing gets built the liquidity has dried up.

    By the time his electric car has sparked a global conflagration the planet is already in an over heated negative feed back hyperloop. His sub-urbanist single mindset has overlooked that the sixties moon landing was an urbanist big government multi-mind co-labor-ation.

    I don’t blame him or Rahm. I blame the Reagan baby boomers whose tv up bringing caught up with them.

  • This seems like a lot of trouble and complication for little gain; why not offer the rich private car upgrade service, European style, on the blue line instead?

  • johnaustingreenfield

    Yeah, that’s what Jarrett Walker from Human Transit has suggested:

  • Obesa Adipose

    The city has already spent money and resources on this scheme: that RFQ didn’t write itself.

  • Carter O’Brien

    Thank you, somebody finally gets it. Staff now tasked with this project are staff that aren’t working on the far more important issue we have modernizing the L’s hub and spokes system. Imagine if we put this energy into a Western subway/Circle Line, which would actually connect all of the spokes and get rapid transit where it is needed by the people who live here 24/7.

  • Cameron Puetz

    There’s a couple of other factors that could make Union Station the preferred downtown terminal. If Union Station and O’Hare had better connections, some downstate, Wisconsin, and Michigan travelers may opt to begin their trip on regional rail instead of a commuter jet. However, for this to really take off, most areas would need improved regional rail service. This would have the added benefit of easing congestion on O’Hare’s runways and gates, as well as reducing pollution from planes.
    Also there’s long been talk of better transit between Union Station and north Michigan Avenue, and recently there’s been talk of better connections between Union Station and various North Branch redevelopment projects. If either of those transit links get built, there would be value in having them tie into the O’Hare express.

  • Jeremy

    I have seen proposals of incorporating Carroll Avenue right of way to create a route connecting Union to Ogilve to Merchandise Mart to Streeterville. That would make an O’Hare train out of Union Station more accessible to users.