Businesses Win When Cars and Parking Give Way to Peds, Bikes, and Transit

Here's a dilemma
No one wins with the current arrangement on Milwaukee Avenue in Wicker Park, where traffic backs up every weekday. This line extended from Damen Avenue to Thomas Street, about 1 mile.

When the Chicago Department of Transportation proposed a redesign of Milwaukee Avenue that will improve safety for cycling, a few merchants groused about the loss of parking directly in front of their stores. Change can be scary, but this fear is misplaced. A safer street is a more inviting street, and CDOT could actually implement much more dramatic transformations that would still benefit the bottom line of local businesses.

Take the stretch of Milwaukee in Wicker Park. This is one of the most vibrant neighborhoods in Chicago, but it has a congestion problem. And all that car traffic on neighborhood streets decreases the quality of life for people who live there, people who visit, and people who travel through.

If you approach this problem the conventional way, you might eliminate parking to make room for more travel lanes. But that would also make the street less pleasant for walking, and then it wouldn’t be such a vibrant place. The congestion might be alleviated, but you would also eliminate some of the reasons people came in the first place.

There’s another way to approach the problem: Giving priority to the most efficient modes of transportation, which would address both the need for people to travel and the need to create a desirable urban environment. More people will be able get to and through the place, even as the pedestrian environment improves thanks to the decline in car traffic.

This more rational option is paying dividends for American cities. Reallocating urban street space from cars to pedestrians, bikes, and transit has shown time and time again to improve the efficiency of the street and enhance retail performance. A recent analysis of sales receipts and real estate data in New York City found that streets where traffic lanes and parking had been re-purposed for bus lanes, bike lanes, and pedestrian space performed better economically, overall, than streets that saw no changes. San Francisco recently eliminated left turns and increased enforcement on its transit-only lanes on Church Street: travel times dropped, reliability increased. These changes are good for business in part because they make the street more accessible to pedestrians and cyclists, who tend to make more frequent trips to retailers than car drivers.

So what could be done on Milwaukee Avenue in Wicker Park? Well, one solution would be to make it a street only for transit, biking, and walking. Taxis could also be allowed to take home those who can’t take themselves home.

The resulting roadway would look something like this section of Copenhagen’s Nørrebrogade, the main drag of the Nørrebro district (think of it as the Wicker Park of the Danish capital):

Nørrebrogade - a narrow street with bus-only lanes for some portion
This block of Nørrebrogade is for buses, bikes, and pedestrians only.

In 2008, one block of Nørrebrogade was closed to cars for a three-month trial. Afterward, the changes were made permanent. Improvements for transit and bicycling were implemented not just on the car-free block, but on the entire length of the street, including closer to the city center where double-wide bike lanes were constructed. Here’s how one local official described the city’s thinking:

“Our goal of transforming Nørrebrogade into a better place to be, making it easier to be a cyclist, pedestrian and bus passenger, has succeeded”, said Klaus Bondam, the councillor in charge of Traffic and Environment.

The followup report showed that car traffic on Nørrebrogade decreased 60 percent while traffic in the surrounding neighborhood also decreased, but by a smaller amount — 10 percent. At the same time, buses traveled 10 percent faster, and the number of pedestrians and cyclists on the street increased. As you can see, it remains a thriving retail environment.

A car-free Milwaukee Avenue could also feature wider sidewalks, providing more space for sidewalk cafés (the cheapest way for restaurants to sell more tables), and a bigger buffer for the existing cafés that occupy more than half the sidewalk. Meanwhile, dooring between bicyclists and drivers – very high in this corridor – would be eliminated.

Too bold for Chicago, you say? It would be a major change, sure, but it would work.

The status quo on Milwaukee clearly isn’t working. You cannot improve transportation to and through an area by letting private cars — the least efficient mode — have most of the space. While Milwaukee often has long traffic backups and the conditions remain hostile for the average Chicagoan who might bike there, it’s only getting worse as a transportation corridor. Bus ridership on the 56/Milwaukee has dropped by over 100,000 riders per month since 2001. Even automobile counts have dropped.

Before and After, Milwaukee protected bike lane
A simulation of Milwaukee Avenue with a protected bike lane and a traffic lane, but no car parking. Photo-simulation: Nate Lynch

Where would the drivers go if this part of Milwaukee became a transit-and-bikes-only street? Some car trips would surely be converted into transit or biking trips. Others would find different routes. The Chicago Transit Authority is looking at this question as it relates to the bus rapid transit line proposed for Ashland Avenue, which would eliminate left turns at several intersections. Initial findings show that “the Chicago grid network is robust and provides multiple routes to the same destination.” In other words, we have a lot of redundancy in our transportation network. We should take advantage of that by creating great streets for people, not cars.

  • Adam Herstein

    I couldn’t agree with this more. People driving down Milwaukee that are just traveling though should be on the Kennedy Expressway, and local traffic can take other streets such as Damen or North Ave.

    If bikes make up 40% of traffic during rush hour, then they should get 40% of the space.

  • I don’t think anyone knows what the modal share is for Milwaukee Avenue through Wicker Park. The CTA publishes detailed figures on how many people board at all of the stops in the area (train and bus), but the car and bike traffic data is old and doesn’t count where people are turning off the street.

  • Kevin M

    I’d like to see a large truck ban on Milwaukee. This could happen tomorrow at zero cost. There is nothing more frightening and dangerous to a cyclist than having a cement truck (or the something similar) barreling down behind you while you’re in a sharrow/shared/unprotected area of the street, amongst lots of other traffic, including automobiles, other cyclists, and pedestrians. One ill-timed vehicle door opens and another cyclist dies. Making it (opening a door in a bike lane) illegal doesn’t solve the problem.

    The large trucks belong on Elston, where the traffic is much lighter than Milwaukee, and where part of it have protected lanes.

    We’ve seen too many door-related deaths to continue being ignorant towards these manageable risks.

  • Anonymous

    Do it.

  • Scott Sanderson

    One of my colleagues says she dives down Milwaukee every day because the Kennedy is too backed up. It seems crazy to dedicate so much space to cars and have no protected bike lane.

  • Anonymous

    I like where you’re going with this.

  • Anonymous

    I would love to see parts of Chicago closed to private auto traffic. I imagine it would be difficult, though, with so much residential property mixed into the commercial corridors. Nonetheless, I’d march in favor of this.


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