Transit TIF Passes, Making It Likely RPM Will Be Funded Before Trump Takes Over

Crowded conditions on a Red Line train this morning. Photo: John Greenfield
Crowded conditions on a Red Line train this morning. Photo: John Greenfield

Chicago straphangers can breath a sigh of relief. This morning aldermen voted 46-0 to pass the tax-increment financing district that will help fund the $2.3 billion Red and Purple Modernization project, which will provide critical capacity and speed improvements.

Today is the deadline for the CTA to apply for the $1.1 billion federal Core Capacity grant that will cover the first phase of construction, but Chicago needed to line up a local match in order to win the grant. The TIF will be used to pay back a $622 million federal loan that, along with $468 the transit agency plans to borrow, will be used for the matching funds. Since the feds are expected to approve the Core Capacity grant by January 15, the Council’s decision means that RPM will be probably funded be funded before the Republicans, whose platform called for eliminating federal transit funding, take over.

RPM would rebuild the Red and Purple Line tracks from Lawrence to Howard, upgrade signals, reconstruct four station and create a flyover just north of the Belmont stop to eliminate conflicts between Red, Purple, and, Brown Line trains. The CTA says the latter feature will allow them to run 15 more trains an hour between Belmont and Fullerton during rush periods, which will be crucial for addressing overcrowding on the at-capacity Red Line as the North Side’s population grows.

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By the Belmont flyover will eliminate conflicts between Brown, Red, and Purple trains. Image: CTA

Before the vote, 14th ward alderman Ed Burke, a Southwest Side politician who’s chair of the finance committee, argued that the TIF was necessary because crowding on the Red Line “has frustrated and inconvenienced thousands of members of the riding public,” adding that the line is “an invaluable economic engine that benefits the entire city.” He also noted that only five of the 14 stations between Belmont and Howard are wheelchair accessible, a problem that rebuilding the Lawrence, Argyle, Berwyn, and Bryn Mawr stops will help address.

Burke added the RPM project is expected to create 5,700 new construction jobs, and promised there will be a strong workforce diversity outreach program to ensure that a fair number of positions go to people of color and women. “The future of Chicago public transit may well rest on the decision made in the Council today,” he said.

48th Ward alderman Harry Osterman, whose district includes Edgewater, where two of the station reconstructions will occur, noted that slow zones on the North Red Line affect transit downtown and on the South Side as well. He added that, unlike traditional tax-increment financing districts, the transit TIF won’t divert money from the schools.

Osterman noted that creating more capacity on the Red Line will help get cars off of roads like Lake Shore Drive. “But if we don’t act now, the federal money is not going to be there,” he warned.

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Alderman Osterman speaks at this morning’s hearing. Photo: John Greenfield

Alderman James Cappleman of the 46th Ward in Uptown argued that rehabbing the transit corridor will provide a strong economic boost to the surrounding areas. He credited the in-progress $203 million rehab of the Wilson station with helping to spur the opening of 18 new businesses nearby. Cappleman added that good transit service will become more important for keeping Chicago competititive in the future. “We know that more and more millennials are not buying cars,” he noted.

36th Ward alderman Gilbert Villegas, a former Illinois Department of Transportation deputy director whose district includes Montclare, stressed the importance of making sure people of color and women are “at the table” for getting contracts and jobs associated with the project. He said he’d be working with the CTA to develop an on-the-job training program.

44th Ward alderman Tom Tunney, whose territory includes Lakeview, said RPM is “obviously an amazing infrastructure program.” But he said he’s still concerned about the longterm impact of the planned demolition of some 16 properties in the neighborhood to make room for the Belmont flyover. He noted that properties along Wilton Avenue were demolished several years ago as part of the Brown Line renovation project that included expanding the Belmont station, and the CTA still hasn’t done anything with the vacant land.

“The CTA has not been a good steward of that land,” he said. He noted that neighbors across the street from the Belmont stop now have a view of a gravel parking lot, which makes it harder to sell their homes. He said it will crucial for the transit agency to create a redevelopment plan for the properties affected by RPM, to ensure that “this will not be a scar, this will be a catalyst.”

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Years after buildings were demolished to make room for the Belmont Red Line station expansion, land north of the station is still a gravel lot. Image: Google Street View

37th Ward alderman Emma Mitts, whose district includes parts of Garfield Park and Austin, said she has been too busy dealing with gun violence in the ward to examine the transit TIF ordinances. She said that safety concerns in her area affect residents’ transportation choices. “I’m looking at [the Green Line station at] Laramie and Lake, and I wouldn’t catch the ‘L’ there either.”

Calling her time at the microphone “an opportunity to vent,” she noted that all of her City Council colleagues have a responsibility to address the violence problem in her ward and other affected communities. “I thought about saying ‘to heck with [the transit TIF],’ but I’m empathetic enough to understand that the rest of the city has to work,” she said.

The multiple ordinances to approve the TIF passed unanimously, although 9th Ward alderman Anthony Beale, whose district in on the Far South Side, filed an unsuccessful motion to reconsider the legislation.

Mayor Rahm Emanuel lauded the Council’s decision, arguing that this work on “the spinal cord” of the city will provide a huge boost to job creation and economic development. “We’re going to have a 21st Century system for a 21st Century economy,” he said.

“I’ll cut my remarks short,” Emanuel added. “[CTA president Dorval Carter Jr.] has to get on the phone right now with the U.S. Department of Transportation to tell them we got this done.”

It’s good to know that, despite all the uncertainty about the future of sustainable transportation under Trump, at least it’s likely we’re going to have the funds lined up for this vital improvement to Chicago’s transit system.

Update 12/1/16 8:00 AM: The original headline for this post was “Transit TIF Approved, Ensuring RPM Will Be Funded Before Trump Takes Over.” I’ve edited the post to reflect the fact that it’s possible, although unlikely, that the U.S. DOT won’t approve the Core Capacity grant by January 15.

  • Pat

    Brand new and there are already sections of standing water. :(

  • Great ideas—shoddy construction. The newly paved part has manhole covers that dip at least an inch or two, and lots of them. Don’t think this would be considered acceptable for a car lane.

  • ryanwc

    You pass over the criticism of the bidirectional set-aside. This is a much more incisive critique, rooted not just in Dutch experience, but also American collision stats, which show counter-flow biking, coming from a place that drivers and pedestrians don’t expect you, is one of the most dangerous ways to ride. Chicago has enshrined ‘wrong way lanes’ twice now.

  • carfreecommuter

    @ryanwc – I just wanted to point out that the bidirectional design on Dearborn has signals at every intersection and that bike and car movements are separated by the way the signals are set up. I won’t try and hide my position, but I think that the Dearborn lanes took a busy, very uncomfortable street and made it a great and safer street that I’ve seen children and families riding on. I never saw families riding in the loop until the Dearborn lanes went in. Plus if you’ve ridden Dearborn you would know that most people ride at a more comfortable bike pace and the slower speed alone should reduce the occurrence and severity of crashes. I understand that you have generic concerns over bidirectional bike lanes but I’d be curious to hear your particular take on Dearborn itself and what other issues you have noticed on that street.

  • johnaustingreenfield

    Right, the Dearborn lane is an 8-to-80 facility, suitable for people who are prioritizing safety and comfort over speed. Due to the multi-phase signals, it’s definitely a little slower to ride in the PBL than on a typical, which is why I usually take State Street if I’m in a hurry. It’s also not unusual to see faster cyclists using one of the mixed-traffic lanes on Dearborn, which is legal.

  • Combin8tion

    Drive around Chicago sometime – plenty of spots where manhole covers dip more than two inches to be avoided and plenty of standing water that stretches well beyond the curb into traffic lanes. I got soaked two weeks ago walking (next to the building no less) along a stretch of State Parkway by a car moving right to turn.

  • Combin8tion

    Agree with the author that reckless driving abounds in Chicago.However, after daylight savings time ended I would extend that to the bicycle drivers as well. Time and again, continuing to this very day, bike riders can be found in great numbers that have no lights on their transportation. As a driver, this confounds me and I hope that the bike community jumps on this as a real issue. I also hope the city gets serious about ticketing bikes for this safety violation.

  • I ride around Chicago all the time, as I have no car, and we all agree that there is a lot of bad pavement out there for all parties involved, and the standing water on many newer stretches points to flawed engineering. New pavement for car lanes, like the new stretch on Elston between Western and California, seems generally done with much greater care. In addition, the situation on Dearborn as far as the manhole covers was not this bad prior to the roadwork.

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